Australian Covid-19 cases after the peak of the Omicron wave were at least twice as high as reported to authorities, a blood antibody study shows.
The study estimated at least 17% of Australian adults were recently infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, at the end of February this year.
Based on blood survey results, taken from 5185 de-identified samples of Australian donors aged 18 to 89 years, the proportion of infected people was at least twice as high as indicated by reported cases at the time.
The national antibody study from the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance and the UNSW Sydney's Kirby Institute was conducted in late February to early March, about six weeks after the peak of the Omicron wave in NSW, the ACT, Queensland and Victoria.
The highest proportion of adults with Covid-19 antibodies was in Queensland (26%), followed by Victoria (23%) and NSW (21%), while Western Australia had the lowest (0.5%).
"The general pattern of antibody positivity in blood donors was consistent with the pattern in reported cases to the end of February 2022: NSW, Victoria and Queensland having had big outbreaks, and Western Australia having very limited community transmission," the Kirby Institute's lead projector investigator Dorothy Machalek said.
"Similarly, young blood donors had the highest rate of infection, matching higher reported case numbers in this age group."
It comes as researchers say healthcare departments across Australia need to more selectively procure respirator masks to encourage stronger compliance among frontline workers.
Study author Irene Ng, a consultant anaesthetist at Royal Melbourne Hospital, said healthcare workers often do not comply with recommendations for using respirators, particularly N95 respirators.
"Explanations for non-compliance include the lack of standardisation of donning and doffing techniques, and design features of respirators that reduce comfort and usability," Dr Ng said.
Some 378 health workers completed a comfort and usability survey, which formed the basis for the study.
The overall fit test pass rates were 65% for semi-rigid cup respirators, 32% for the flat-fold models, 59% for the duckbill respirators and 96% for three-panel flat-fold designs.
The latter was therefore the obvious choice for administrators and state and federal health departments when considering how to maximise respiratory protection.
Latest 24-hour Covid-19 data:
NSW: 6076 cases, five deaths, 1470 in hospital, 58 in ICUs
Victoria: 5661 cases, no deaths, 418 in hospital, 21 in ICUs
Queensland: 3055 cases, no deaths, 480 in hospital, seven in ICUs
Tasmania: 495 cases, no deaths, 33 in hospital, two in ICUs
NT: 165 cases, no deaths, 11 in hospital with no one in ICU
WA: 4097 cases, two deaths, 268 in hospital with 12 in ICU
SA: 2141 cases, five deaths, 237 in hospital with 11 in ICU